America and the Right to Own Guns

America and the Right to Own Guns

The controversy returned to the United States over the issue of the right to own weapons after the tragedy of the shooting of elementary school students in Texas, which killed 19 children, as well as two teachers, after an 18-year-old opened fire. on them.

This is the twenty-seventh armed attack on a school in the United States since the beginning of this year, when it has become customary, after each mass shooting, to ask the same questions about the right to possess weapons… Will the situation be different this time? Will the outrage caused by the violence lead to political moves to legalize the acquisition and possession of weapons?

The answer may be a foregone conclusion with the rest of the world, as happened in Britain after the Dunblin attack, in Australia after the Port Arthur attack and in New Zealand after Christchurch. .. But the situation is different in the United States, where the question has legal and many political aspects.

The deep political divide between Republicans and Democrats over legislative amendments restricting gun ownership remained, as the National Rifle Association (NRA), which represents millions of gun users and manufacturers , lobbied against all forms of gun control. makes the country safer.

Through decades of campaigning, she succeeded in sanctifying the right to own a firearm, and she and her political supporters rely on a controversial interpretation of the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution of 1791, which reads: The existence of a well-organized militia is necessary to the security of any free state, and the right of the people is to acquire and bear arms.

The association believes that this amendment gives American citizens the right to bear arms without government interference, and thus opposes most local laws in the state and federal legislation that would restrict the possession of weapons. .

US arms companies do not depend on its production and manufacture, but other companies import millions of weapons from abroad, according to a shocking report released by the US Department of Justice last week, which showed chilling figures that reflect the huge amount of firearms available in the country, which has certainly contributed to the escalation of gun violence, murders and suicides.

Gun manufacturers in the United States have produced more than 139 million firearms for sale to consumers over the past two decades, of which 11.3 million were produced in 2020 alone, so that the firearms industry has seen upward growth over the past two decades, according to the report, and production has jumped Annual firearms for commercial sale have increased from 3.9 million to units in 2000 to 11.3 million units in 2020.

US President Joe Biden said in his address to the nation after the Texas school incident: “When for God’s sake are we going to stand up to the gun lobby? It’s time to turn that pain into action.

However, despite the tragedies and tears that American states witness after each incident of random or racist shooting, the debate over the constitutional right to bear arms without requirement or legalization is renewed, and pressure from the gun lobby continues, so that the question of the right to bear and possess arms remains an open and inconclusive question, for an unknown duration.

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